When you want to discover LAN metadata without being part of that network. So, when you want to discover network address range, gateway, DNS IPs, DHCP server IPs, etc. this simple nmap parameter will help you so much.
# nmap --script broadcast-dhcp-discover
Starting Nmap 7.60 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2021-05-19 15:07 CEST
Pre-scan script results:
| Response 1 of 1:
| IP Offered: 192.168.1.127
| DHCP Message Type: DHCPOFFER
| Subnet Mask: 255.255.255.0
| Renewal Time Value: 4d00h00m00s
| Rebinding Time Value: 7d00h00m00s
| IP Address Lease Time: 8d00h00m00s
| Server Identifier: 192.168.1.1
| Router: 192.168.1.1
|_ Domain Name Server: 184.108.40.206, 220.127.116.11
WARNING: No targets were specified, so 0 hosts scanned.
Nmap done: 0 IP addresses (0 hosts up) scanned in 1.43 seconds
This is a super useful and simple tool, first of all, let me say thanks to Dani because I found the tool thanks to him. Very often I have the requirement to set up small virtual, real or hybrid networks using my laptop as a server and I had to boot a VM for getting a DHCP server simple to manage and powerful. Now, this is not required anymore because thanks to this tool I found a super small and flexible tool, I can set up all that I need using an INI file or just a wizard. It’s a pleasure and I don’t have to install anything if I don’t want, just a tray icon application is running for allowing me to give the service to my experimental networks.